You need not be getting help from your electrician every now and then for small electrical fixtures. There are some home electrical repairs that you can handle by yourself. The only condition is that you should be careful and equipped with the necessary safety measures when attempting to repair and fix electrical elements. Here, we will give you an insight on some of the simple electrical goods that you can probably work and fix on all by yourself without seeking help from an electrician. Also, we will share tips on how to guarantee you are safe while working on these:
Always, keep the power off before you place your hands on any of these gadgets because we never know whether the gadget has damages on its internal side that might crop up at the most unexpected time.
The safest way is to unplug these, if your gadget comes with a plug. Also, there might be devices that have capacitors inside them and may give you shock if you are not careful.
Also to stay safe, switch off the main power. If there is no electricity at the time you start your work, then you are safe. But, let us take the precautions for our safety.
Here, we are going to discuss a few of the replaceable electrical gadgets that you have in your homes and utilize on a daily basis. These are among those switches and lamps that you can fix yourself without summoning an electrician every time.
Do you think your switch is out of trend or doesn’t operate efficiently? Then, it’s high time that you got rid of this.
You can handle and replace light switches by yourself. Speaking about the tools, if you have a screwdriver and a pair of pliers, you can get this done.
A warning note: firstly you need to ensure that this kind of a switch falls under the following category, which is replaceable by anyone.
Let us take a look at the different types of switches that you can repair at home:
Now, as we have improvised your knowledge on the kinds of electrical switches for home that you can handle or fix yourself, believe us working on or repairing an outlet is more or less similar, which means you can handle it yourself without having to approach an electrician to get it done.
Here, are the three different kinds of outlets that you can work on:
Tools for fixing and working on outlets:
The tools required for replacing outlets include:
Here are some simple tips to help you with the basic electrical repairs in your home:
When it comes to working on the electrical gadgets, it is important that you have a thorough knowledge on what goes inside and what comes out. Ensure that you know everything about the layout.
In general, the electrical boxes for switches that we use in our homes are manufactured with almost the same kind of parts. These have three types of wires. These include ground, neutral and hot. This is different from switches that are used to control ceiling fans or lights as these come with three feed, i.e., three wires and an out, i.e., three wires that go inside the fan.
The hots are attached to the switch, i.e., the feed goes into the bottom, whereas the out hot finds its place on the top portion of the switch.
The two grounds and two-neutrals are wire-nutted together forming separate groups of grounds and neutrals, respectively.
All the wires are attached to the outlet. When it comes to a two-socket outlet, you will find five screws behind it. One is intended for the ground, which is green, two of them are intended for hot, which is black, and two of them are for the neutral, which is white in color.
Can you find two side screws on the same side as that of the ground screw? Yes. Then, attach the neutral to these side screws.
Now, there are two spare side screws remaining. The hots will be attached to this.
Nothing to worry, it merely means that you have arrived at the end of the circuit. You can implement the same rules for attaching these wires.
Now, here is an overview on how to replace defective switches or outlets.
1] Switch off the electricity to the defective circuit, before you begin:
You can start by plugging in a lamp into the outlet that is defective. You can then, switch off the circuit breaker, which will cause the lamp to black out. Ensure that you are using a non-defective lamp, or else you will have to find an alternative to ensure that there is no power supply to the specific outlet on which you intend to repair.
Is the outlet partially defective or totally defective? You need to examine this at first. If you are not aware of this part of your outlet, it would be difficult to identify the breaker that turns it off. In such a situation, you can switch off the main breaker.
If this outlet is connected to fuses and not breakers, then, you need to remove the fuses so that you are not risking shock.
2] Remove the cover plate of the switch or the outlet that is defective:
Now, the number of screws for the plates of outlets differs from that of switches.
Outlet plates in almost all cases have only one screw per outlet whereas switch plates have two per switch. Though there might be any number of switches or outlets in a box, you have the provision to change only one, if necessary leaving the rest untouched.
You can either draw a diagram of how you would be implementing the repair so that confusion doesn’t happen. Or you could work on each of them at a time to avoid confusions, as there are a variety of wires.
3] There are two screws:
One of the screws is at the top and the other is at the bottom connecting the switch or the outlet to the electrical box. Remove these and the outlet will slip into your hands.
4] Labeling the wires:
This is one of the foremost important steps before you start fixing the defect on your outlet or switch so that there are no confusions.
5] Your new electrical switch or electrical outlet repair:
Find the screws that will hold the outlet or switch and loosen these. You can do this using screw drivers making room to pull the wires across.
Connect the wires to the before-mentioned screws as in the #4.
Ensure that the wires are well-placed without touching the plastic edges or the tip of themselves.
6] Tighten the screws:
Ensure that the screws are tight and check whether the wires touch the metal piece present on the outlet’s side right behind the screws.
7] Push the outlet back in place:
It is time to push the outlet back into the electrical box from where the defective piece was removed. Also, ensure that all the screws are in their respective holes.
8] Screw it back and switch on the power
9] Test the outlet using an outlet tester
These are easy steps right? Yes, they are.
You can do these fixtures at home with ease.
Now, we will share with you some simple home repair tips and tricks that you must be following to ensure your safety when attempting any of these home electrical repairs:
It could seem easy. But, it is always good to get help from the professional experts to avoid disasters.