Detailed Guide for Ceiling Fan Installation and Troubleshooting Common Problems

Posted on 16 November 2017, By

Ceiling fan has been a-must household stuff in every home today regardless of the availability of air conditioners and coolers as it improves heating in winter and cooling in summer. Not that alone, it is one of the best ways to reduce energy bills without disrupting your comfort. Installing a ceiling fan is quite easy than you imagine if you follow the right procedure with new electronic controls and strong hanging systems. Many individuals make common mistakes while installing and understand that you need not be an expert to do so.

Let’s start our journey through this article to make you aware of accurate ceiling fan installation procedure and troubleshooting common problems.

To work with electric appliances, there are some safety measures to be followed to reduce personal injury and damage to property.

  • Before beginning the installation, make sure the power is shut off at the circuit breaker
  • Check the installation site for no obstructions
  • It is advisable to select a UL-listed outlet box marked “Acceptable for Fan Support”
  • Check if electric connections comply with Local codes, National Electric Codes and Ordinances
  • To confirm additional safety, caution and warning information, always read manufacturer’s instructions

How to choose the right place to Hang the Ceiling Fan?

You might have spared more time in selecting the good ceiling fan. Isn’t it? Yes, choosing the right place to hang it is also as important as choosing a ceiling fan. Because the good place ensures safety and improves fan’s efficiency and performance.

Consider these guidelines to check the right place before we move on to how to fix a ceiling fan.

  • Try to hang the ceiling fan 8-9 feet above the floor to provide optimal airflow.
  • It is better to hang ceiling fan blades at a height of 7 feet above the floor. If you select a slope ceiling or high ceiling, in order to maintain blade clearance, a longer downrod will be needed.
  • 8-10 inches gap must be present between ceiling and the ceiling fan blades to be hung.
  • The fan blades must be 18 inches away from posts, cabinets, doors and walls.
  • Check for the surrounding area to see if it is damaged or cracked.

If there was a hanged fan or lighting already, initially turn off the circuit breaker and the switch on the wall. If you are removing the fan, it must be uninstalled in an order: light kit first, then fan blades, canopy, motor assembly and mounting bracket. Remove the lighting fixture, uninstall glass fitters first, and then light bulbs, canopy and mounting bracket.

Also read Home Electrical Repairs that You can Totally Handle Yourself

How to Install a Ceiling Fan Box with Brace?

Steps to follow:

Clean the area you have chosen to hang the ceiling fan. Get your tools ready and materials to remove existing electrical box and fix a UL-listed outlet box that marked “Acceptable for Fan Support”. Check if your fan weighs more than 50 pounds when in motion. If it so, try to purchase heavy duty brace for extra support as the normal outlet box supports up to 50 pounds only.

Tools required: screwdriver, ladder, hammer, wood scrap, crescent wrench and keyhole saw.

1) Existing box removal

  • Make sure you don’t damage or crack the ceiling while removing existing electrical box.
  • Using a screwdriver, extra screws and washers must be removed and pull the electrical box through an opening in the ceiling.
  • To loosen the box if it is stuck, place wood scrap over electrical box and tap the wood using a hammer.
  • Remove the dirt or any existence of ceiling debris.

2) Fixing U-bolt and support brace

  • Once you have done this, next step is the installation of support brace with U-bolt. For this you must insert the support brace into ceiling opening and place it between two joints that are nearby.
  • Support brace must be locked, thus it must be twisted until it gets locked.
  • Now, over the safety brace you can easily place the U-bolt with the screws.

3) Fixing a new outlet box

  • To install a new outlet box, knockout on the outlet box must be removed and cable clamp must be attached.
  • Through the clamp, it is important to feed the supply line to extend line 6 inches long from the box.
  • Align the outlet box with U-bolt brace through the opening in the ceiling.
  • Directly attach the outlet box to brace with nuts and washers.

How to install a ceiling fan?

Steps to follow:

Ceiling fan installation is not much difficult, but based on the type of the fan it may take long hours.

Tools required: ladder, pliers. Wire strippers and screwdriver

1) Mounting bracket installation

  • The outlet box is ready to mount bracket with washers and nuts.
  • Through the opening on the bracket, provide the electrical wires, shipping blocks from the motor must also be removed, but save screws for blade iron installation.

2) Motor housing assembling

  • The fan wires must be trimmed with 6 inches long and strip ½ inch of insulation at the wire end.
  • Motor coupling set screw must be removed carefully
  • Downrod must be tightened using thread wires for 4-5 full turns through downrod that was assembled previously.
  • Tight the screw with pliers.
  • Take the canopy and pull the wires and downrod.
  • If it is correctly done, canopy will be placed loosely on top of motor housing.

How to wire a ceiling fan?

  • Into the slot in the ceiling bracket, place the downrod ball of assembled motor.
  • It must be ensured that the fan gets locked, so rotate when you are sure about the lock.
  • Mounting bracket must be placed with the control receiver
  • Take a bare metal leads and pace a plastic wire connector to connect the wires and twist clockwise to ensure secured connection.
  • Push the whole connection to outlet box.
  • Grounded and ungrounded wires must be separated on both sides.

Connect fan wiring and receiver wires

  • Connect the grounding wires from downrod, ceiling and hanging bracket with a wire nut.
  • Connect white wires from fan and receiver marked “To motor” with a wire nut.
  • Similarly do the same for black wires and blue wires

Connect wire receiver and supply line

  • Connect black wires from ceiling and receiver marked “AC In” with a wire nut
  • Similarly repeat the same for white wires too.
  • Connections must be turned up and push into the outlet box.
  • Separate grounded wires and ungrounded ones as did before.

Connect wires to the wall control

  • Remove all wires from the switch.
  • Black wires in the outlet box must be connected and green wires must be connected to the grounding wires from the wall control.
  • Push all wire connections to outlet box and separate grounded and black wires to different sides.
  • Insert wall control also to outlet box and screw it up.
  • Switch plate cover must be installed with screws then.

Canopy installation

  • Canopy holes must be adjusted with screw holes by sliding to mounting bracket.
  • Screw the canopy tightly

Attach fan blades

  • Check the holes in fan blades and screw it with blade iron securely
  • Attach the blades with motor with screws and tighten the screws at last for an additional security

 

Switch housing

  • Housing assembly will have screws and screw two of them into the motor housing.
  • Provide the wires to upper switch housing through the hole at the center.
  • Twist clockwise to lock correctly after wrapping keyhole slots around the screws.
  • After inserting the third screw, all must be tightened once again.

Sync wall control

  • Turn power on at wall switch and circuit breaker. Sync the fan and switch according to the fan model.

Fan testing

Check if the fan turns on and off and rotates on all speed settings. If the fan has reverse function, confirm it works well too.

For every family or individual who use ceiling fans, they might have encountered many issues. Next we will move on to very interesting section of ceiling fan problems solutions.

As a safety measure, always switch off the power at the circuit breaker box.

Troubleshooting

1) Ceiling fan not working on all speeds

This is a common problem where almost all cases face due to blown capacitor. The capacitor is where the power to be delivered to the fan motor is decided. Thus if it gets burned, only small amount of electricity will be taken by the motor and fan will be stuck at one speed.

If the fan is stuck at high speed, capacitor will not have any issue, but the cord connected might have some issues.

2) Ceiling fan not spinning at all

At times, you can easy fix the issue but in some cases, you need to replace the fan.

  • Check the circuit breaker is on. If the issue is with circuit, reset it.
  • Turn the power off, canopy must be loosened and check for all the right assembly and secured wire nuts.
  • Fan blades must spin freely. Make sure it is done.
  • Some cases, the reverse switch will be in neutral position.
  • All colored cables in the switch housing are aligned properly and verify the plug connection once more.
  • Check for the wire connections with an electrician if you are not sure about this.
  • For those who use a remote-control, there is a chance of battery fail or may not have installed properly.
  • If nothing goes right, check the power getting to wall switch.
  • If the fan is in wet place, make sure fan and outlet box is UL rated for the environment. Because wet rated fans can be installed indoors, but others must be installed outside.
  • If you are not convinced with the steps above to get your problem solved, contact your ceiling fan manufacturer.

3) Ceiling fan is wobbling

The ceiling fan shakes due to many reasons. It may be due to loose screws, bent blade brackets or dusty fan blades.

  • With over a course of time, ceiling fan may have thick debris which must be removed from all blades.
  • Check for any loose screws on fan blades, downrod, light kit and mounting hardware.
  • If the installed outlet box to support brace or beam is not in a correct way, this can be one of the reasons for wobbling.

4) Ceiling fan is noisy

Out of many ceiling fan troubleshooting, this is one of the common ones.

Gentle whooshing can be soothing. But if the noise is increasing, it can be a serious problem.

  • If this problem started soon after installation, wait for next 24 hours as it takes time to adjust.
  • If you use light along with the fan, check the screws connecting both
  • If wall control is being used, confirm that control is not a differential speed pattern.
  • If you provide oil to your fan, check the level and give oil as required.
  • Tighten the screws on blade holders, downrod, motor coupling.
  • Confirm the wires are in right place without being connected to other inside switch housing.
  • Check if canopy is touching the ceiling while fan is spinning.
  • Cracked fan blades can make noise. Ensure it is not damaged.

5) Ceiling fan lights are not working

  If your fan is working, but if the problem is with fan lights, follow these steps.

  • Check if the bulb is fastened correctly inside the holder. Confirm it is not dead. If it is, replace by first turning off the power.
  • Do not over tighten the bulb as it causes the failure by preventing ceiling fan from lighting the bulb.
  • Check if the light bulb sockets are not burned. If so, you will have to replace the wiring immediately to fix the issue.
  • Some ceiling fans will have limited wattage for bulbs. Confirm the limit is not exceeded.
  • If remote controller is being used, make sure dip switches on control and receiver are set with same frequency.

6) Ceiling fan is not reversing

For winter, the reversing of fan really helps. So if your fan is not getting reversed, turn off and let blades to come to full stop before trying for a reverse.

  • Make sure the switch for reversing the fan is not in the neutral position.
  • Some cases of old fan; the issue will be with switch. So replace it.
  • If remote controller is being used, make sure dip switches on control and receiver are set with same frequency.
  • If nothing goes well, please contact your manufacturer to replace the fan.

7) Ceiling fan/lights are getting off automatically

If this is your case, follow these tips to resolve the issue.

  • Check and confirm the circuit breaker doesn’t have any issues of malfunctioning.
  • Make sure wire connections are securely connected with the nuts.
  • Let your remote control and wall control have the same frequency for fan controls and wall switches.

8) Ceiling fan doesn’t move air

Use these tips if your fan is not moving air as required.

  • Your fan must be in the right direction for spinning. Check it.
  • Fan shouldn’t touch the ceiling.
  • There must be atleast 8-9 feet distance between the floor and ceiling fan.
  • If the fan gets heated, you may need new motor or bearings.

Install your fan correctly by following the steps and if you have any issues with your fan other than listed above, do let us know!!!

At Anchor from Panasonic, we bring you some of the best appliances that can save on power and money as we have programmed these to work on less power thus reducing the consumption of power, ultimately cutting down on your costs.

For further enquiries, contact us today.

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